在MVC中加载2下拉菜单的更好方法

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这是我如何加载页面加载状态和城市下拉列表的方式:

我的控制器方法

这是加载页面时调用的第一个方法。

public ActionResult Index()
{
    var states = GetStates();
    var cities =  Enumerable.Empty<SelectListItem>();
    ViewBag.States = states;
    ViewBag.Cities = cities;
}

private IEnumerable<SelectListItem> GetStates()
{
    using (var db = new DataEntities())
    {
        return db.States.Select(d => new SelectListItem { Text = d.StateName, Value =d.Id.ToString() });
    }
}

[HttpGet]
public ActionResult GetCities(int id)
{
    using (var db = new DataEntities())
    {
        var data = db.Cities.Where(d=>d.StateId==id).Select(d => new { Text = d.CityName, Value = d.Id }).ToList();
        return Json(data, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
    }
}

我的看法

IEnumerable<SelectListItem> States = ViewBag.States;
IEnumerable<SelectListItem> Cities = ViewBag.Cities;

@Html.DropDownList("State", States, "Select State", new { onchange="loadCities(this)"})
@Html.DropDownListFor(m => m.CityId, Cities, "Select City", new { id="ddlCity"})
function loadCities(obj) {
            $.ajax({
                url: "/Home/GetCities",
                data: { id: $(obj).val() },
                contentType:"application/json",
                success:function(responce){                   
                    var html = '<option value="0">Select City</option>';
                    $(responce).each(function () {
                        html += '<option value="'+this.Value+'">'+this.Text+'</option>'
                    });
                    $("#ddlCity").html(html);
                }
            });
        }

还有什么更好的方法来加载州和城市下拉菜单?

public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        public ActionResult Index(int id=0)
        {
            Person model = null;
            var states = GetStates().ToList();
            var cities =  Enumerable.Empty<SelectListItem>();
            if (id > 0)
            {
                using (var db = new  DataEntities())
                {
                    model = db.People.Include("City").FirstOrDefault(d => d.Id == id);
                    if (model == null)
                        model = new Person();
                    else
                    {
                       states.First(d => d.Value == model.City.StateId.ToString()).Selected = true;
                       cities = db.Cities.Where(d => d.StateId == model.City.StateId).ToList().Select(d => new SelectListItem { Text = d.CityName,Value=d.Id.ToString(),Selected=d.Id==model.CityId });
                    }

                }
            }
            else
            {
                model = new Person();
            }
            ViewBag.States = states;
            ViewBag.Cities = cities;
            ViewBag.Persons = GetPersons();
            return View(model);
        }

        [HttpGet]
        public ActionResult GetCities(int id)
        {
            using (var db = new DataEntities())
            {
                var data = db.Cities.Where(d=>d.StateId==id).Select(d => new { Text = d.CityName, Value = d.Id }).ToList();
                return Json(data, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
            }
        }

        public ActionResult SavePersonDetail([Bind(Exclude = "Id")] Person model)
        {

            // var employeeDal= new Emploee();
            //employee.firstname=model.

            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                var Id = model.Id;
                int.TryParse(Request["Id"], out Id);
            using (var db = new DataEntities())
            {
                if (Id > 0)
                {
                    var person = db.People.FirstOrDefault(d => d.Id == Id);
                    if (person != null)
                    {
                        model.Id = Id;
                        db.People.ApplyCurrentValues(model);
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    db.People.AddObject(model);                    
                }
                db.SaveChanges();
                }               
            }
            if (!Request.IsAjaxRequest())
            {
                ViewBag.States = GetStates();
                ViewBag.Persons = GetPersons();
                ViewBag.Cities = Enumerable.Empty<SelectListItem>();
                return View("Index");
            }
            else
            {
                return PartialView("_personDetail",GetPersons());
            }
        }

        public ActionResult Delete(int id)
        {
            using (var db = new DataEntities())
            {
                var model = db.People.FirstOrDefault(d => d.Id == id);
                if (model != null)
                {
                    db.People.DeleteObject(model);
                    db.SaveChanges();
                }                
            }
            if (Request.IsAjaxRequest())
            {
                return Content(id.ToString());
            }
            else
            {
                ViewBag.States = GetStates();
                ViewBag.Persons = GetPersons();
                ViewBag.Cities = Enumerable.Empty<SelectListItem>();
                return View("Index");
            }
        }

        private IEnumerable<SelectListItem> GetStates()
        {
            using (var db = new DataEntities())
            {
               return db.States.ToList().Select(d => new SelectListItem { Text = d.StateName, Value =d.Id.ToString() });
            }
        }

        private IEnumerable<Person> GetPersons()
        {
            using (var db = new DataEntities())
            {
                return db.People.Include("City").Include("City.State").ToList();
            }
        }

        public ActionResult HomeAjax()
        {
            ViewBag.States = GetStates();
            ViewBag.Cities = Enumerable.Empty<SelectListItem>();
            using (var db = new DataEntities())
            {
                var data = db.States.Include("Cities").Select(d => new { Id = d.Id, Name = d.StateName, Cities = d.Cities.Select(x => new { Id=x.Id,Name=x.CityName}) }).ToList();
                ViewBag.CityStateJson = new System.Web.Script.Serialization.JavaScriptSerializer().Serialize(data);
            }
            ViewBag.Persons = GetPersons();
            return View();
        }
    }


@model IEnumerable<Person>
<div>
    <table>
        <tr>
            <th>
                First Name
            </th>
            <th>
                Last Name
            </th>
            <th>
                Email
            </th>
            <th>
                City
            </th>
            <th>
                State
            </th>
            <th>
                Edit
            </th>
        </tr>
    @if (Model.Count() == 0)
    {
        <tr>
            <td colspan="6">
                <h3>No data available</h3>
            </td>
        </tr>
    }
    else { 
    foreach (var item in Model) { 
        <tr data-id="@item.Id">
            <td data-id="fn">@item.FirstName</td>
            <td data-id="ln">@item.LastName</td>
            <td data-id="email">@item.Email</td>
            <td data-id="cn">@item.CityName<input type="hidden" value="@item.CityId" /></td>
            <td>@item.StateName</td>
            <td>
                @if (ViewBag.Title == "Home Ajax" || Request.IsAjaxRequest())
                {
                    <a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="Edit(this,@item.Id);">Update</a>
                    <span>@Ajax.ActionLink("Delete", "Delete", new { id = item.Id }, new AjaxOptions {OnSuccess="deleteSuccess",OnBegin="showLoader",OnComplete="hideLoader" })</span>

                }
                else { 
                    <span>@Html.ActionLink("Update", "Index", new { id = item.Id })</span>
                    <span>@Html.ActionLink("Delete", "Delete", new { id = item.Id })</span>
                }

            </td>
        </tr>
    }

    }
        </table>
</div>

@model Person

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Ajax";
    IEnumerable<Person> persons = ViewBag.Persons;
    IEnumerable<SelectListItem> States = ViewBag.States;
    IEnumerable<SelectListItem> Cities = ViewBag.Cities;
    IEnumerable<State> fullStates=ViewBag.CityStates;

}

@section featured {
    <section class="featured">
        <div class="content-wrapper">
            <hgroup class="title">
                <h1>@ViewBag.Title.</h1>                
            </hgroup>            
        </div>
    </section>
}

@section styles{
    <style type="text/css">
       td,th {
            border:1px solid;
            padding:5px 10px;
        }

        select {
           padding:5px 2px;
           width:310px;
           font-size:16px;
        }
    </style>
}

@section scripts{
    @Scripts.Render("~/bundles/jqueryval")
    <script type="text/javascript">

        var jsonArray = @Html.Raw(ViewBag.CityStateJson)

        function clearValues() {
            $("input[type='text'],select").val('');
            $("input[type='hidden'][name='Id']").val(0);
        }

        function loadCities(obj) {

            for (var i = 0; i < jsonArray.length; i++) {
                if (jsonArray[i].Id == parseInt($(obj).val())) {
                    fillCity(jsonArray[i].Cities);
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        function Edit(obj, Id) {
            //  alert("hi")
            $("input[type='hidden'][name='Id']").val(Id);
            var tr = $(obj).closest("tr");
            $("#txtfirstName").val($("td[data-id='fn']", tr).text().trim());
            $("#txtlastName").val($("td[data-id='ln']", tr).text().trim());
            $("#txtemail").val($("td[data-id='email']", tr).text().trim());
            var city = $("td[data-id='cn'] input[type='hidden']", tr).val();
            var state;
            for (var i = 0; i < jsonArray.length; i++) {
                for (var j = 0; j < jsonArray[i].Cities.length; j++) {
                    if (jsonArray[i].Cities[j].Id == parseInt(city)) {
                        state = jsonArray[i].Id;
                        break;
                    }
                }
                if (state) {
                    fillCity(jsonArray[i].Cities);
                    break;
                }
            }
            $("#ddlState").val(state);
            $("#ddlCity").val(city);
        }

        function fillCity(obj) {
            var html = '<option value="0">Select City</option>';
            $(obj).each(function () {
                html += '<option value="' + this.Id + '">' + this.Name + '</option>'
            });
            $("#ddlCity").html(html);
        }

        function deleteSuccess(responce) {
            alert("record deleted successfully");
            $("tr[data-id='" + responce + "']").remove();
        }

        function insertSuccess() {
            alert("Record saved successfully");
            clearValues();
        }

        function showLoader() {
            $("#overlay").show();
        }
        function hideLoader() {
            $("#overlay").hide();
        }
    </script>
}

<h3>Add Personal Detail</h3>
@using (Ajax.BeginForm("SavePersonDetail", "Home", new AjaxOptions { HttpMethod = "POST", UpdateTargetId = "personList" ,OnSuccess="insertSuccess",OnBegin="showLoader",OnComplete="hideLoader"}))
{
    @Html.HiddenFor(m => m.Id);
<ol class="round">
    <li>       
        @Html.LabelFor(m => m.FirstName)
        @Html.TextBoxFor(m => m.FirstName, new { id = "txtfirstName" })
        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(m => m.FirstName)
    </li>
    <li>
    @Html.LabelFor(m => m.LastName)
        @Html.TextBoxFor(m => m.LastName, new { id = "txtlastName" })
        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(m => m.LastName)
        </li>
    <li>
       @Html.LabelFor(m => m.Email)
        @Html.TextBoxFor(m => m.Email, new { id = "txtemail" })
        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(m => m.Email)
    </li>

    <li>
        @Html.Label("State")
       @Html.DropDownList("State", States, "Select State", new { onchange = "loadCities(this)", id = "ddlState" })       
    </li>
    <li>
         @Html.LabelFor(m => m.CityId)
        @Html.DropDownListFor(m => m.CityId, Cities, "Select City", new { id = "ddlCity" })
        @Html.ValidationMessageFor(m => m.CityId)
    </li>
</ol>
    <input type="submit" value="Save" />
    <input type="button" value="Cancel" onclick="clearValues();"/>
}

   <h2>
        Person List
    </h2>
<div style="position:fixed;text-align:center;top:0;bottom:0;left:0;right:0;z-index:10;background-color:black;opacity:0.6;display:none;" id="overlay">
    <img style="position:relative;top:370px" src="~/Images/ajax-loader.gif" />
</div>
<div id="personList">
    @Html.Partial("_personDetail", persons)
    </div>
用户名

尽管我会建议一些更好的做法,包括使用带有StateIDCityID StateList属性的视图模型CityList,并使用Unobtrusive JavaScript而不是用行为来污染您的标记,并使用ajax来生成第一个(“请选择”)选项,但是您可以使用ajax更好的做法null值而不是0它可以与[Required]属性一起使用

的HTML

@Html.DropDownList(m => m.StateID, States, "Select State") // remove the onchange
@Html.DropDownListFor(m => m.CityID, Cities, "Select City") // why change the default ID?

脚本

var url = '@Url.Action("GetCities", "Home")'; // use the helper (dont hard code)
var cities = $('#CityID'); // cache the element
$('#StateID').change(function() {
  $.getJSON(url, { id: $(this).val() }, function(response) {
    // clear and add default (null) option
    cities.empty().append($('<option></option>').val('').text('Please select'));
    $.each(response, function(index, item) {
      cities.append($('<option></option>').val(item.Value).text(item.Text));
    });
  });
});

如果要渲染多个项目(例如,您要让用户选择他们最近访问的10个城市),则可以缓存第一个呼叫的结果,以避免重复呼叫,因为他们的选择可能包括来自同一州的城市。

var cache = {};
$('#StateID').change(function() {
  var selectedState = $(this).val();
  if (cache[selectedState]) {
    // render the options from the cache
  } else {
    $.getJSON(url, { id: selectedState }, function(response) {
      // add to cache
      cache[selectedState] = response;
      .....
    });
  }
});

最后,根据您对不使用ajax进行操作的评论,您可以将所有城市传递给视图,并将它们分配给javascript数组。如果您有几个国家/地区,每个城市都有几个城市,我只会建议您这样做。这是在略微增加初始加载时间与进行ajax调用时略微延迟之间取得平衡的问题。

在控制器中

model.CityList = db.Cities.Select(d => new { City = d.CountryID, Text = d.CityName, Value = d.Id }).ToList();

在视图中(脚本)

// assign all cities to javascript array
var allCities= JSON.parse('@Html.Raw(Json.Encode(Model.CityList))');
$('#StateID').change(function() {
  var selectedState = $(this).val();
  var cities = $.grep(allCities, function(item, index) {
    return item.CountryID == selectedState;
  });
  // build options based on value of cities
});

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